Is CBD legal? Hemp-derived CBD products with less than 0.3% THC are legal federally but still illegal under some state laws. Cannabis-derived CBD products, on the other hand, are illegal federally but legal under some state laws. Check local legislation, especially when traveling. Also, keep in mind that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved nonprescription CBD products, which may be inaccurately labeled.
What Are They?
Hemp refers to varieties of the cannabis plant C. Sativa that contain less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. While low in THC, hemp can be abundant in CBD.
Both hemp and CBD gummies are candies that contain servings of CBD. These gummies offer people an easier and more convenient way to take CBD by chewing a gummy than swallowing a tincture or capsule.
Hemp and CBD gummies are for oral use only and come in different dosages. Edibles, such as gummies, take 30–60 minutes to take effect.
After consumption, the body absorbs edibles in the digestive tract before the active ingredients enter the bloodstream and travel to the liver. The liver then metabolizes the ingredients, which once again enter the bloodstream and reach the brain. Here, they start to take effect, although some people may experience a longer or shorter onset time.
What is the Difference Between Hemp and CBD Gummies?
The active ingredient in hemp and CBD gummies is CBD. CBD from hemp may contain less THC than cannabis.
Many gummies available to buy online contain hemp-derived CBD. According to the 2018 Farm Bill, products that contain plants meeting the legal definition of hemp are legal in most states.
Individuals considering buying hemp or CBD gummies may wish to consider the following:
- CBD content and Certificate of Analysis (COA): There is no standard dosage level for CBD. A COA from a third-party source can verify that gummies contain the amount of CBD the company advertises and confirm they do not have any pesticides or harmful contaminants.
- Isolate, broad-, or full-spectrum CBD:
- CBD isolate products will only contain CBD.
- Broad-spectrum CBD includes all the other hemp compounds except THC.
- Full-spectrum CBD products contain all broad-spectrum ingredients and some THC.
- Organic: Organic gummies are free from potentially harmful pesticides.
- Sweeteners and other ingredients: Some gummies contain organic sugar cane or tapioca and fresh fruit flavorings, while others have artificial ingredients.
List of Products
Several online retailers offer a range of hemp-derived CBD gummies.
People may wish to consider the amount of CBD per serving when purchasing to ensure they are consuming an amount they can comfortably tolerate.
Please note, the writer has not tested these products. All information is research-based.
These vegan, low-THC gummies are only available in 500 mg strength. Each serving of one gummy contains 25 mg of CBD.
The company makes this product from USA-grown hemp and recommends consuming one or two gummies daily.
The brand states that they may help promote relaxation.
These vegan gummies contain 10 mg of hemp-derived CBD per gummy. The company blends the CBD with vitamins B12 and D3.
Sunday Scaries recommends taking two or three gummies per day.
This product contains no THC and comes in a variety of flavors, including lemon, lime, and cherry.
These broad-spectrum gummies are available in strengths ranging from 350–1,500 mg. Each serving of one gummy contains 25 mg of CBD.
The company makes this non-THC product from U.S. hemp, and each batch undergoes third-party lab testing.
CBDMD recommends taking one or two gummies per day for 30 days. If a person requires more, they can gradually increase the number they consume.
The company also states these gummies may help promote a sense of calm and wellness and enhance exercise recovery.
This product contains 30 milligrams (mg) of hemp-derived CBD per serving of one gummy.
The Nighttime Melatonin Gummies contain melatonin, which the company states may help people experience better quality sleep.
Pure Relief recommends people take one gummy per day. This product can take up to 1 hour to take effect.
This full-spectrum product contains whole-plant hemp extract, lemon balm, and a botanical blend to promote calm and ease anxiety. Each serving of two gummies includes 10 mg of CBD.
The company makes this product from U.S. hemp, while it does not contain any additives or dyes.
Potential health benefits and risks
Research links CBD to positive effects on pain, nausea, and chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes. However, most research focuses on dosages higher than what is available to buy over the counter or online.
A 2020 study suggests that CBD is:
- effective at pain relief
- effective at reducing anxiety
- effective at promoting sleep and rest
However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved any CBD products apart from Epidiolex, a drug that helps treat seizures in children and adults.
Studies show that while CBD is generally safe for people to use, it may cause some side effects, including:
- changes in eating habits
Individuals should therefore consult a healthcare professional before using these products if they are:
- taking any other medication
- are pregnant or breastfeeding
- have an underlying health condition
CBD gummies could help with anxiety, stress, and pain relief. While the FDA does not approve them, evidence suggests hemp-derived CBD gummies can positively affect various health conditions.
Hemp and CBD gummies can contain small amounts of THC. Online retailers offer a range of gummies of different strengths and varying amounts of THC.
It is important to consult a doctor before using CBD products if a person is on any medication, is pregnant or breastfeeding, or has an underlying condition.
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